Why Iran stood with Erdogan

Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan addresses during an attempted coup in Istanbul, Turkey July16, 2016. REUTERS/Huseyin Aldemir TPX IMAGES OF THE DAY - RTSI88G

By Ali Hashem

As July 15 was coming to an end in Tehran, Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif was on the phone with his Turkish counterpart Mevlut Cavusoglu, whose government was under the threat of being overthrown by a military coup. Meanwhile, Ali Shamkhani, the secretary of Iran’s Supreme National Security Council (SNSC), was on another line with security officials in Ankara. All the while, Qasem Soleimani, the commander of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps’ Quds Force, Iran’s regional military arm, was busy pursuing and reviewing various scenarios that might emerge.

“It’s not a secret anymore,” an Iranian official told Al-Monitor on condition of anonymity. “Zarif, Shamkhani and Soleimani were executing higher orders. The whole establishment was too concerned. Turkey is a neighboring state. President [Recep Tayyip] Erdogan and his government are strong partners of Iran. Our nations enjoy strong brotherly ties, so it’s the least we can do to show solidarity and try to offer any help they might need in such critical times.”

Within hours after the coup attempt began late July 15, the SNSC convened to discuss developments in Turkey. Following the meeting, which was chaired by President Hassan Rouhani, Shamkhani publicly condemned the coup attempt, telling local media outlets, “We support Turkey’s legal government and oppose any type of coup — either [initiated] domestically or supported by foreign sides.” Shamkhani said, “What determined the fate of developments in Turkey were the will and presence of the [Turkish] nation and the vigilance of political parties, whose contribution thwarted this coup. Shamkhani concluded, “Our stance is not exclusive to Turkey either. We have pursued the same stance in Syria too. Our position toward all regional countries is that we always prefer people’s votes [to decide governments] rather than tribal, sectarian and hereditary governments, and this means democracy.”

“A coup in Turkey isn’t something Iran can tolerate,” another Iranian politician told Al-Monitor on condition of anonymity. “It’s true that there are differences over Syria, and sometimes in Iraq. Yet the fact is that there is no direct problem between Iran and Turkey; on the contrary, [bilateral] relations are always advancing for the better. Besides, Iran is opposed to any kind of change by force, and especially when the government [in question] is democratically elected.” The Iranian politician added, “The most important thing is that this experience [the coup attempt] might be an opportunity for Mr. Erdogan to understand the situation in neighboring Syria.”

Indeed, multiple Iranian officials, including Ali Akbar Velayati — foreign policy adviser to Iran’s Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei — brought up Syria in their condemnation of the coup attempt in Turkey. While condemning the coup, Velayati — a former foreign minister — said he hopes “the Turkish government will respect the views and votes of the Syrian people and allow them to decide their own government.” It was a clear message from Iran to Turkey regarding Syria and the future of the struggle in the region. For five years now, Iranian officials have on repeated occasions stated that they have been trying to engage the Turks on a path to address the situation in Syria, and while unsuccessful, have never given up on this approach.

But why is Iran so concerned about the coup attempt in Turkey?

“The stability of the region would have been seriously threatened if the coup attempt had succeeded. Turkey is a major player. Besides, there is the fear that such a move might trigger internal strife,” an Iranian official told Al-Monitor on condition of anonymity. He explained that given the past five bloody years in the region, any such development in Turkey “will shake the whole region” in addition to “Europe, Iran and the Caucasus.” The Iranian official added, “Besides the already shaken Arab countries, what about the [various] ethnic groups within Turkey? Has anyone thought about what they might do?”

Some conservative figures and journalists in Tehran have shown a different reaction toward development in Turkey, influenced mainly by the crisis in Syria.

“It was clear that there’s a gap between the street and the government with respect to what was going on in Turkey,” a conservative Iranian political figure told Al-Monitor on condition of anonymity. Many whose understanding of the region is influenced by the war in Syria think the fall of Erdogan would have been a positive development — not only in Iran but also in Iraq, Syria and Lebanon. In this vein, the Iranian political source said that many within this camp “were surprised to see the Iranian government reacting before any other government in the whole world and backing the legitimate [Turkish] government.”

It is important to bear in mind the other important reasons why Iran sees the security and stability of Turkey as pivotal to its own national security. With an Islamic-oriented government in power in Ankara, bilateral relations have improved in the past decade, paving the way for common ground despite differences over regional developments. The latter has been possible thanks to Iranian-Turkish proximity in terms of grander objectives and also similarities in their ways of thinking. Indeed, at the height of the nuclear-related sanctions on Iran, Turkey played a vital role in easing the pressure on its eastern neighbor. Erdogan certainly paid the price for the holes he was accused of creating in the web of sanctions imposed on Iran through what came to be known as the “gold-for-oil scheme” — even while economic ties between the two countries greatly expanded in the sanctions era. With the implementation of the nuclear deal, the two countries now plan to triple their trade volume to $30 billion.

So, beside its public condemnations, did Iran play a role in directly thwarting the coup? Did it, for instance, share intelligence that helped Erdogan preserve his reign? Al-Monitor put forward this question to a senior Iranian official who was in direct contact with Turkish officials during the hours of the coup attempt. His answer was short but to the point: “No.”

Another Iranian official saw parallels between the successful coup against Iranian Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddegh in 1953 and this year’s coup attempt in Turkey. The official told Al-Monitor on condition of anonymity, “What we know is that this move was triggered by foreign hands. We went through the same in the past, and because Mr. Erdogan is today looking forward to playing a better role in the region, they want him down.” The Iranian official said, “There was a message that was conveyed to Turkish security officials: Don’t leave the streets. This coup might be made up of several waves; it happened in Iran in 1953. When the first coup failed, they had another one ready — and they succeeded.”

36 Comments on "Why Iran stood with Erdogan"

  1. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    You actually mentioned this very well.
    can you take cialis with bystolic
    cialis 20mg
    cialis avantages inconvГ©nients
    [url=http://cialisttk.com/]cialis 20 mg[/url]

  2. Your comment is awaiting moderation.
  3. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Fantastic content. Appreciate it!
    cialis da 12 compresse cialis 20mg how to tell fake cialis [url=http://cialisttk.com/]cialis 20mg[/url]
    real cialis pills
    cialis cuantos mg hay
    cialis y losartan
    cialis generico online italia forum
    what is more powerful viagra or cialis
    cialis 10 mg wikipedia

  4. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Many thanks, Wonderful information.
    comprar remedio cialis generic cialis le cialis est il en vente libre aux usa [url=http://cialismsnrx.com/]generic cialis[/url]
    cialis 20 mg ndc
    cialis taksim eczane
    acheter cialis moins cher france
    www viagra cialis levitra nl
    cialis and optic neuropathy
    how to pronounce cialis

  5. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Thanks a lot. Wonderful stuff!
    cialis thrombocytopenia cialis generic woman in cialis commercials [url=http://cialismsnrx.com/]cheap cialis[/url]
    cialis nur auf rezept
    cialis lilly 20 mg
    cialis super active vs professional
    precio de cialis en farmacia guadalajara
    contre indication du cialis 20mg
    cialis faa

  6. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Regards. Lots of knowledge.

    cialis weekender cialis online cialis email virus [url=http://cialisttk.com/]cialis without a doctor prescription[/url]
    differenza cialis 10 e 20 mg
    cialis remboursement ss
    forum cialis rezeptfrei
    cialis does help premature ejaculation
    cialis 20 mg quanto custa
    cialis burun tД±kanД±klД±ДџД±

  7. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    You actually expressed this fantastically!
    viagra ou levitra ou cialis cheap cialis viagra o cialis forum [url=http://cialismsnntx.com/]cialis 20mg[/url]
    what age to start cialis
    how long for cialis daily to work
    viagra cialis genericos
    can you take oxycontin and cialis together
    cialis blutdruckabfall
    cialis online hong kong

  8. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Thanks. I appreciate this.
    red cialis zararlarД± cialis without a doctor prescription www cialis 20 mg tablet [url=http://cialisttk.com/]cialis without a doctor prescription[/url]
    cialis quando prenderlo prima
    cialis voltaren
    cialis generic alternative
    exforge and cialis
    cialis alkohol viagra
    can cialis cause bedwetting

  9. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    You made your stand very nicely!.
    viagra cialis effetti collaterali cialis without a doctor prescription qual e melhor levitra ou cialis [url=http://cialispego.com/]cialis 20mg[/url]
    cual es mejor viagra cialis o levitra
    cialis daily use vs 36 hour
    cialis da masticare
    cialis 5 mg kopen
    cialis and gynecomastia
    cialis online order

  10. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    You actually reported it very well!
    price cialis 5mg australia cialis without a doctor prescription most common dosage cialis [url=http://cialispego.com/]cialis without a doctor prescription[/url]
    cheap legitimate cialis
    paginas fiables para comprar cialis
    il cialis aumenta le prestazioni sportive
    comprar cialis sp
    cialis and tinnitus
    preço do cialis na argentina

  11. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    You’ve made your stand quite well!!
    cialis lascia tracce nel sangue buy cialis online achat cialis online [url=http://cialisttk.com/]cialis online[/url]
    cialis generico farmacie italiane
    what is difference between generic and brand cialis
    data scadenza cialis
    tiempo de efecto de cialis
    is 2.5 mg of cialis enough
    forum cialis en france

  12. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    This is nicely put. .
    can you buy cialis in vietnam cialis 20mg arr cialis [url=http://cialispego.com/]cialis online[/url]
    cialis kopen amsterdam
    cialis cancer de la prostate
    cialis bnf
    leki na potencje cialis
    cialis diario 5 mg generico
    cialis and rosacea

  13. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Nicely voiced really. .
    similar de cialis en mexico cheap cialis cialis 20 mg comprimГ© pelliculГ© boГ®te de 4 [url=http://cialismsnntx.com/]cheap cialis[/url]
    cialis kopen utrecht
    cialis viagra levitra differenze
    assunzione cialis viagra levitra
    cialis generico senza ricetta farmacia
    cialis peak concentration
    cialis pill appearance

  14. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Nicely put, Appreciate it.
    prezzo cialis da 20 mg cheap cialis diferencias entre viagra cialis y levitra [url=http://cialismsnrx.com/]generic cialis[/url]
    comment utiliser le cialis 5mg
    why can you drink grapefruit juice with cialis
    cialis contra eyaculacion precoz
    how much time for cialis to work
    cheap cialis canadian pharmacy
    yohimbe cialis

  15. Your comment is awaiting moderation.
  16. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Incredible quite a lot of helpful material.
    erfahrungen cialis professional cheap cialis cialis analisis de sangre [url=http://cialisttk.com/]cialis generic[/url]
    cialis patient reviews
    cialis 20mg lilly wirkung
    cialis et l’hypertension
    can i take cialis with atorvastatin
    cialis e aciditГ 

  17. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Incredible a good deal of valuable tips.
    prix cialis au maroc generic cialis cuanto tiempo antes tomar cialis [url=http://cialismsnntx.com/]cialis without a doctor prescription[/url]
    how to cut a cialis pill in half
    cialis e cegueira
    is cialis another name for viagra
    how to get cialis over the counter
    foto de la pastilla cialis
    best price on cialis 5mg

  18. Your comment is awaiting moderation.
  19. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Lovely facts. Kudos.
    cialis customer reviews buy cialis online acheter cialis sans danger [url=http://cialisttk.com/]cialis 20 mg[/url]
    qual os efeitos do cialis
    cialis mood side effects
    betrunken cialis
    cialis haltbarkeit wirkung
    cialis medicamento contraindicaciones
    le iene servizio cialis

  20. Your comment is awaiting moderation.
  21. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Wonderful facts. Thanks a lot.
    cialis diario hipertensao cialis online cialis nz free trial [url=http://cialismsnrx.com/]cialis online[/url]
    cialis es necesario receta
    cialis coraçao
    cialis pills price
    is it safe to take cialis with high blood pressure
    selling cialis on craigslist
    cialis viagra cost comparison

  22. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Incredible all kinds of amazing knowledge.
    manfaat cialis 10 mg cialis 20mg compare viagra levitra and cialis [url=http://cialispego.com/]cialis generic[/url]
    best place buy cialis online uk
    duree efficacite cialis
    cialis 20mg filmtabletten 4 st
    cialis split pill
    what can help cialis work better
    obat cialis dan viagra

  23. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    You actually revealed this adequately!
    cialis ver bula cialis generic doxycycline and cialis interaction [url=http://cialismsnrx.com/]cialis online[/url]
    cialis et hypertrophie prostate
    use of cialis daily
    opiniones sobre el cialis
    cialis e il cuore
    cialis 5 kaufen
    cialis and paracetamol

  24. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Amazing facts, Appreciate it.
    how much does cialis cost at kroger cialis 20mg avantage cialis [url=http://cialismsnrx.com/]cialis 20 mg[/url]
    cialis hip joint pain
    aciclovir bei facialisparese
    donde comprar cialis generico en espaГ±a
    cialis zeitpunkt einnahme
    cialis internetu
    cialis tadalafil precio colombia

  25. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Truly quite a lot of valuable info!
    cialis bez recepty szczecin cialis online site cialis generique [url=http://cialismsnntx.com/]cialis online[/url]
    does cialis never not work
    efecto de cialis 20 mg
    cialis pode causar priapismo
    cialis 5 mg precio peru
    generic cialis testimonials
    e meglio il levitra o il cialis

  26. Your comment is awaiting moderation.
  27. Your comment is awaiting moderation.
  28. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Many thanks. I like this!
    daily cialis for enlarged prostate cialis generic kur nopirkt cialis [url=http://cialisttk.com/]cialis generic[/url]
    cialis heart pounding
    cialis originale 10 mg prezzo
    prezzo cialis farmacia svizzera
    cialis alle 2 tage
    cialis medicare
    cialis una diaria

  29. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    You made your point very nicely..
    sintomas do cialis cheap cialis cialis presentaciones precio [url=http://cialismsnrx.com/]cialis without a doctor prescription[/url]
    cialis and eye problems
    cialis tempo de reação
    cialis alkohol viagra
    can you take adderall with cialis
    nebenwirkungen viagra cialis levitra
    cialis dosages available

  30. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Nicely put, Thanks!
    comprare cialis italia cialis generic cialis online bestellen in deutschland [url=http://cialispego.com/]cialis generic[/url]
    what is the best viagra or cialis
    incompatibilitГ© avec cialis
    reação adversa do cialis
    cialis wirkung bei gesunden
    cialis sur site securise
    cialis en prise mensuelle

  31. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    With thanks! I like this!
    prendere il cialis fa male cheap cialis vendita cialis in slovenia [url=http://cialisttk.com/]buy cialis online[/url]
    where to buy over the counter cialis
    cialis magensäure
    cialis 5mg vs viagra
    cialis super active generico tadalafil 20 mg
    cialis da 2 5 mg
    generico cialis brasil

  32. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Thanks a lot. Valuable information.
    what is cialis pills wiki cialis 20 mg quel est la diffГ©rence entre viagra et cialis [url=http://cialismsnrx.com/]cialis online[/url]
    cialis avis utilisateur
    cialis en xtc
    long term cialis use ok
    authentic cialis online
    best food to eat with cialis
    durГ©e effet cialis 10 mg

  33. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Very well voiced really. !
    cialis och kamagra cialis 20mg buy cialis in tijuana [url=http://cialismsnrx.com/]cialis generic[/url]
    cialis filmtabletten 10 mg
    cialis family pack
    cialis tadalafil para que sirve
    cuanto tiempo tarda el cialis
    cialis 2000
    natural supplements cialis

  34. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    You said it nicely.!
    how long does it take for cialis pills to work cialis 20mg cialis e hiperplasia benigna de prostata [url=http://cialispego.com/]cialis online[/url]
    fake cialis risks
    cialis contents
    el cialis se vende sin receta
    cialis and xanax interaction
    comprar cialis online no brasil
    se puede mezclar priligy con cialis

  35. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Regards, An abundance of advice!

    is it ok to take two 10mg cialis generic cialis prix du cialis 10 et 20 [url=http://cialispego.com/]cheap cialis[/url]
    cialis diario 5mg com 28 comprimidos
    cialis 10 prezzo
    wirkungsdauer cialis 5 mg
    why does cialis work for bph
    obat kuat cialis 50 mg
    meglio cialis viagra or levitra

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published.