Who Was Behind the Coup Attempt in Turkey?

By

SARAJEVO, Bosnia and Herzegovina — The bloody coup attempt in Turkey last week, which cost more than 200 lives, brought the world’s attention to the group that President Recep Tayyip Erdogan declared responsible: the Islamic community led by Fethullah Gulen, a Turkish cleric who has lived in self-imposed exile in Pennsylvania since the late 1990s.

 Mr. Gulen strongly denies the charges. Some in the West seem to think that this is yet another of the many bizarre conspiracy theories peddled by Mr. Erdogan. But this is not merely propaganda. There are good reasons to believe the accusation is correct.
 The Gulen community is built around one man: Fethullah Gulen. His followers see him not merely as a learned cleric, as they publicly claim, but the “awaited one,” as I have been told in private. He is the Mahdi, the Islamic version of the Messiah, who will save the Muslim world, and ultimately the world itself. Many of his followers also believe that Mr. Gulen sees the Prophet Muhammad in his dreams and receives orders from him.
Besides Mr. Gulen’s unquestionable authority, another key feature of the movement is its cultish hierarchy. The Gulen movement is structured like a pyramid: Top-level imams give orders to second-level imams, who give orders to third-level imams, and it goes on like that to the grass roots.
But, as one disillusioned Gulenist told me last year, “there is a darker side of the movement, and few of its members know it as it is.” For decades, the movement has been infiltrating Turkey’s state institutions, like the police, judiciary and military. Many believe that some Gulenists, taking orders from their imams, hide their identities and try to rise through these institutions in order to capture state power.
When Mr. Erdogan and his Islamist Justice and Development Party, or A.K.P., came to power in 2002, they felt threatened by the hard-core secularists who have dominated Turkey’s military since the days of Ataturk, the father of the Turkish republic. Mr. Erdogan viewed the Gulenist cadres in the state as an asset, and an alliance was born. The Erdogan government supported Gulenist police officers, prosecutors and judges as they went after secularists. Starting in 2007, hundreds of secularist officers and their civilian allies were jailed.
 This witch hunt was driven by Mr. Erdogan’s political agenda, but the Gulenists were even more aggressive than the A.K.P. More worrying: Some of the evidence turned out to be overblown. Two secular journalists and a police chief who exposed the fake evidence, and blamed the “The Imam’s Army,” were soon themselves imprisoned on bogus charges.
 “How can they justify using fake evidence to blame innocent people?” I once asked my disillusioned Gulenist friend. “Since their end goal is so great,” he said, referring to the movement’s global, apocalyptic ambition, “they think all means are justified.”
 It eventually became clear why the Gulenists had been so fervent in their persecution of the secularists: They wanted to replace them. Many of the officers who reportedly took part in last week’s coup attempt had been promoted thanks to a major purge of the military in 2009 that supposedly saved Mr. Erdogan from a coup.
By 2012, the old secularist guard had been quelled and the Gulenists and the A.K.P. were left more or less alone to run Turkey. It took less than two years before the two Islamist groups developed distrust and, ultimately, enmity. This tension came to a head in December 2013, when Gulenist police officers and prosecutors arrested dozens of government officials in a corruption investigation, most likely in the hope of toppling Mr. Erdogan, who condemned the inquiry as a “coup attempt.” At the time, this sounded like a self-serving exaggeration.
But the bloody plot of July 15 is far more destructive than anything Turkey has seen in recent years. Notably, the plot came as Mr. Erdogan was supposed to be planning a major purge of suspected Gulenists from the military. The military’s chief of staff, who opposed the coup, identified the rebellious officers as Gulenists. One plotter even reportedly confessed to acting under orders from the Gulen movement.

Given the Gulen community’s hierarchical structure, all of this makes Mr. Gulen a prime suspect. Of course, the truth can come out only in a fair trial. Unfortunately, Turkey is not good at those — especially given Mr. Erdogan’s control over the judiciary and the ferocious polarization in the country today. But the United States government can try to negotiate with its Turkish counterparts to extradite Mr. Gulen, as Turkey’s government is now requesting, on the condition of a fair trial.

That would ensure justice, improve Turkish-American relations and help calm the dangerous zeal in Turkey. It may even be necessary to help many of the innocent people in the Gulen community to know what they are really involved in — and to begin new lives as free individuals.

Source- New York Times

33 Comments on "Who Was Behind the Coup Attempt in Turkey?"

  1. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    You’ve made your position extremely clearly.!
    http://viagrawithoutadoctorsntx.com/
    natural viagra cialis
    viagra generic
    generic cialis free viagra
    [url=http://viagrawithoutadoctorsntx.com/]buy viagra[/url]

  2. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Nicely put. Appreciate it!
    http://viagrawithoutadoctorsntx.com/
    prostate cancer viagra viagra online viagra scam emails [url=http://viagrapego.com/]viagra for sale uk[/url]
    cost of viagra in the pi
    natural viagra
    viagra order uk
    rid viagra emails
    drugs giant viagra pill cialis men
    in man uk viagra

  3. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    You actually reported this exceptionally well!
    http://viagrawithoutadoctormsn.com/
    viagra nottingham po box viagra pills genaric viagra cealis ect [url=http://viagrawithoutadoctorsntx.com/]viagra online[/url]
    calcium channel blockers viagra
    cialis and viagra not working
    vision problems while using viagra
    legitimate viagra online
    cvs pharmacy viagra
    cheap canadian generic viagra

  4. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Thank you, Plenty of material!

    http://viagrawithoutadoctorsntx.com/
    viagra edinburgh search find pages viagra for women viagra online overnight next day shipping [url=http://viagrawithoutadoctormsn.com/]generic viagra[/url]
    people who smoke viagra
    viagra professional 100mg pills buy online
    viagra discrimination
    50mg viagra uk
    make viagra
    viagra loss of vision

  5. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Terrific postings, Many thanks.
    http://viagrapego.com/
    viagra free sites computer edinburgh viagra without a doctor prescription young men using viagra [url=http://viagrapego.com/]viagra for sale uk[/url]
    search viagra find edinburgh pages
    viagra lavetra cialis
    viagra imitations
    is watermelon the new viagra
    price viagra walgreens
    viagra in the water chords

  6. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Thanks, I value it!
    http://viagrapego.com/
    where can you buy viagra cheap generic viagra 100mg free viagra canada [url=http://viagrapego.com/]viagra 100mg[/url]
    does passport cover viagra
    medicare pays for viagra
    cars in viagra commercial
    half viagra
    find viagra free charles linskaill
    blog viagra soft tabs

  7. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    You stated that very well.
    http://viagrapego.com/
    viagra cialis leviti samply pack viagra without a doctors prescription moms boyfriend on viagra fucking daughter [url=http://viagrapego.com/]generic viagra 100mg[/url]
    viagra boring pages edinburgh search sites
    viagra pen
    viagra used for cardiac issues
    reasons viagra might not work
    viagra malaysia
    diabetes and viagra

  8. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Nicely put. Thanks a lot!
    http://viagrapego.com/
    viagra users discussion cheap viagra by viagra online [url=http://viagrawithoutadoctormsn.com/]viagra pills[/url]
    viagra 50mg soft tab generic
    free get viagra
    viagra for jet lag
    using viagra to last longer
    how t get viagra
    viagra afghanies

  9. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Incredible a good deal of beneficial advice!
    http://viagrapego.com/
    isosorb viagra interactions viagra online buy viagra online online [url=http://viagrawithoutadoctormsn.com/]cheap viagra[/url]
    help paying for viagra
    buy viagra ventricular a href
    seeing blue after taking viagra
    generic viagra free pills worldwide
    viagra cialis soft uk
    cheap order viagra

  10. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Incredible a good deal of great knowledge.
    http://viagrawithoutadoctorsntx.com/
    viagra testimonils viagra online oysters viagra [url=http://viagrapego.com/]viagra without a doctors prescription[/url]
    how taking viagra works
    buying viagra in holland
    taking viagra and alcohol
    buy viagra inte
    viagra effect photos before and after
    legitimate suppliers of viagra

  11. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Thanks! Useful stuff!
    http://viagrapego.com/
    viagra marching viagra 100mg like viagra ebay [url=http://viagrawithoutadoctormsn.com/]generic viagra 100mg[/url]
    generic prescription viagra without
    weight lifting with viagra
    viagra in amsterdam
    viagra differences
    dj vadim viagra
    organic viagra

  12. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    With thanks. I value this!
    http://viagrapego.com/
    viagra opposite reaction viagra pills viagra audio torrent [url=http://viagrapego.com/]generic viagra[/url]
    hairloss from viagra
    viagra for delayed ejaculation
    which is better levitra or viagra
    before and after viagra
    buying viagra in mexico
    viagra false loans

  13. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Nicely put. Appreciate it!
    http://viagrawithoutadoctormsn.com/
    ref hth q viagra viagra pills viagra rep [url=http://viagrawithoutadoctormsn.com/]buy viagra online[/url]
    viagra frm canada
    allentown viagra
    levitrabuy levitra online viagra
    viagra generic 20 cents from india
    take viagra with amlodipine
    viagra holland

  14. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Truly a lot of useful data!
    http://viagrawithoutadoctorsntx.com/
    the viagra song generic viagra viagra substitute what really works [url=http://viagrapego.com/]buy generic viagra[/url]
    kamagra viagra uk
    viagra in the waters kareoke
    excessive viagra use
    charlie sheen viagra commercial
    viagra tutorial
    viagra fertility affects

  15. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Fine write ups. Regards.
    http://viagrapego.com/
    tell me about viagra viagra online new side effects of viagra [url=http://viagrawithoutadoctorsntx.com/]buy generic viagra[/url]
    viagra vs cilalis
    viagra pulmonary heart
    buy viagra in canada
    viagra smaple
    ratings or rankings tadalafil generic viagra
    free sample of viagra or cialis

  16. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Really many of excellent info.
    http://viagrapego.com/
    generic cheap viagra buy viagra save up to 30 on viagra [url=http://viagrapego.com/]generic viagra 100mg[/url]
    hugh hefner viagra
    granite gear viagra
    new drug for women viagra
    viagra alternive
    teens taking viagra
    viagra quick prescription generic

  17. Your comment is awaiting moderation.
  18. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Good facts, Cheers!
    http://viagrapego.com/
    viagra market tools viagra online viagra no prescription [url=http://viagrawithoutadoctormsn.com/]viagra without a doctors prescription[/url]
    methylone and viagra
    men who take viagra results
    male enhancement viagra and cialis
    man on viagra
    viagra does not keep me hard
    viagra and money order

  19. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Terrific material. Many thanks.
    http://viagrawithoutadoctorsntx.com/
    what drugs interact with viagra viagra online viagra generic uk [url=http://viagrawithoutadoctorsntx.com/]generic viagra 100mg[/url]
    generic viagra differences
    easybuy viagra
    what is viagra 50 mg
    norvasc viagra adverse reaction
    viagra herbs
    when does viagra typically not work

  20. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    You definitely made your point!
    http://viagrawithoutadoctormsn.com/
    viagra cost compare cheap viagra buy viagra with cashiers check [url=http://viagrawithoutadoctorsntx.com/]viagra generic[/url]
    canadian mail order viagra
    viagra sales statistics
    viagra package insert
    viagra
    viagra jokes funny pictures
    viagra boy

  21. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Many thanks. I enjoy it.
    http://viagrawithoutadoctorsntx.com/
    viagra in sanskrit viagra online viagra dosage result [url=http://viagrapego.com/]viagra without a doctor prescription[/url]
    paroxetine viagra
    can cialis and viagra be combined
    viagra order mail
    does viagra negatively effect orgasm
    viagra labels
    viagra and female libido

  22. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Really a lot of helpful information.
    http://viagrawithoutadoctormsn.com/
    reviews generic viagra sales buy viagra viagra user experiences [url=http://viagrapego.com/]viagra without a doctors prescription[/url]
    maximum daily dosage of viagra
    blocking viagra email spam
    viagra ceapest prices
    viagra comparison prices online
    compare cialis viagra to
    natural alternatives and viagra and reviews

  23. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Appreciate it. A good amount of stuff.

    http://viagrawithoutadoctorsntx.com/
    viagra 4-7 days generic viagra 100mg viagra stroke [url=http://viagrawithoutadoctormsn.com/]generic viagra[/url]
    marajuana and viagra
    viagra free porn
    does viagra extend proformance
    first time viagra use
    hemorrhoids viagra
    generic viagra cost local pharmacy

  24. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Thanks a lot! Numerous material.

    http://viagrawithoutadoctorsntx.com/
    atenolol ctcl fungoides viagra cheap generic viagra 100mg buying viagra in the caribbean [url=http://viagrawithoutadoctormsn.com/]viagra without a doctors prescription[/url]
    how to make liquid viagra
    viagra starter
    edinburgh 18 pages viagra good search
    sublingually viagra
    viagra how to buy
    soma imitrex viagra levitra

  25. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Truly tons of good facts!
    http://viagrawithoutadoctorsntx.com/
    waiting period for viagra before sex buy viagra online viagra discovery lawsuits of blindness [url=http://viagrapego.com/]generic viagra 100mg[/url]
    pepsi viagra joke mount and dew
    generic viagra pay later
    viagra use for enlarged heart 2011
    force feed viagra
    viagra refills
    viagra vs levetra

  26. Your comment is awaiting moderation.
  27. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Regards, Excellent stuff.
    http://viagrapego.com/
    porn stars and viagra generic viagra 100mg press releases coma viagra [url=http://viagrawithoutadoctorsntx.com/]viagra pills[/url]
    viagra chemistry
    out of date viagra
    what’s the generic name for viagra
    viagra affects
    minimum effective dosage of viagra
    discount bulk viagra

  28. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    You said it adequately..
    http://viagrawithoutadoctormsn.com/
    viagra woman’s opinions cheap viagra viagra effect porn photos [url=http://viagrawithoutadoctorsntx.com/]generic viagra online[/url]
    viagra cialis soft uk
    viagra sale uk
    non prescription viagra substitute
    cost cialis viagra
    gay viagra stories
    fedex generic viagra

  29. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Regards, I enjoy this.
    http://viagrawithoutadoctorsntx.com/
    viagra on line viagra for women government viagra tests results [url=http://viagrapego.com/]viagra without a doctor prescription[/url]
    viagra patent expire
    typical viagra dosage
    diffrence between cialis and viagra
    viagra single dose
    discovery of viagra
    viagra party drug

  30. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Reliable write ups. Kudos.
    http://viagrawithoutadoctormsn.com/
    take too much viagra viagra without a doctor prescription generic viagra sildenafil citrate [url=http://viagrawithoutadoctormsn.com/]viagra generic[/url]
    cheap viagra soft tabs
    viagra official web site
    discount priced viagra
    viagra women depressed statistics
    viagra cheap price
    homeopathic viagra

  31. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Nicely put, Many thanks.
    http://viagrawithoutadoctorsntx.com/
    edinburgh viagra tid search charles buy generic viagra discussion of generic viagra [url=http://viagrawithoutadoctorsntx.com/]viagra generic[/url]
    viagra amsterdam
    viagra viris high blood pressure
    order viagra without a prescription
    viagra cock ring
    subaction showcomments viagra start from watch
    cheapest prices for viagra cialis levitra

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published.


*